NATIONAL FORESTRY POLICY
In 1977, the National Forestry Policy was accepted by the National Forestry Council and later endorsed by the National Land Council on 19th April, 1978. This Policy was revised on 19th November, 1992 to take cognizance of the current concern expressed by the world community on the importance of biological diversity conservation and sustainable utilization of genetic resources, as well as the role of local communities in forest development. The acceptance of the Policy is a major breakthrough in strengthening the institutional base and enhances the co-operation and understanding between the Federal and State Governments in the field of forestry sector development. The salient points of the revised National Forestry Policy are as follows:-
To dedicate as Permanent Forest Estate sufficient areas strategically located throughout the country in accordance with the concept of rational landuse. The Permanent Forest Estate will be managed and classified under four major functions:
PROTECTION FOREST for ensuring favourable climatic and physical conditions of the country, the safeguarding of water resources, soil fertility, environmental quality, conservation of biological diversity and the minimization of damage by floods and erosion to rivers and agricultural lands.
PRODUCTION FOREST for the supply in perpetuity at reasonable rates of all forms of forest produce which can be economically produced within the country and are required for agricultural, domestic and industrial purposes, as well as for export.
AMENITY FOREST for the conservation of adequate forest areas for recreation, ecotourism and in promoting public awareness in forestry.
RESEARCH AND EDUCATION FOREST for the conduct of research, education and conservation of biological diversity.
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